UPMC Endocrinologist: Understanding and Managing Diabetes | Health

Submitted on November 22, 2021

November is National Diabetes Month. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes affects more than 34 million people in the United States, or 1 in 10 people, and about 20% of those people don’t even know they have diabetes. .. This is the seventh leading cause of death, and the number of adults diagnosed with diabetes has more than doubled in the last two decades.

It is important to understand what diabetes is, how it affects the body, and how to prevent and / or manage it.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a health condition in which the body is deficient in insulin, a hormone that helps the sugar spread into cells. Either insulin is not being used properly by your body, or your body simply does not have the ability to produce enough.

There are three types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 – This is a type of diabetes that occurs as an autoimmune response or when the pancreas does not produce insulin. If you are diagnosed with this type of diabetes, you may need to inject insulin daily. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults, but can occur at any age. It’s not as common as type 2 diabetes. About 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but it can be managed.

  • Type 2 – This is the most common and preventable type of diabetes. Your pancreas produces insulin, but your body does not respond properly – this is known as insulin resistance. Your pancreas makes more insulin to get the cells to react. Eventually, the pancreas can’t keep up, blood sugar levels rise, and the stage of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes is reached.

  • Pregnancy – Occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after pregnancy. This affects how the body uses sugar, just like any other type of diabetes.

How Diabetes Affects Your Health

High blood sugar and high blood sugar can damage blood vessels. This increases the likelihood of stroke, heart disease, kidney disease, nerve problems, or vision problems.

In contrast, low blood sugar levels can affect the central nervous system. Early signs of hypoglycemia can be weakness, dizziness, headache, anxiety, and lack of coordination. Extremely low blood sugar levels can lead to loss of consciousness, seizures, and even death.

Symptoms of diabetes are often undiagnosed for years and may not be experienced. It can be difficult to find symptoms, so it is important to know the risk factors and, if you have blood sugar, consult your doctor to test your blood sugar.

Risk factors include age and family history, as type 1 diabetes is thought to be an immune response and may be hereditary. Type 2 diabetes is often a lifestyle and overall with risk factors such as prediabetes, overweight, over 45 years old, family history of type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes history, or Hispanics in African Americans. Is related to your health condition. / Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native.

The most common diagnostic test is A1c. This blood test, which does not require fasting, shows average blood glucose levels over the last few months. It measures the percentage of blood glucose attached to hemoglobin, an oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.

A1c less than 5.7% is normal, 5.7-6.4% indicate prediabetes, and 6.5% or more indicate diabetes.

Diabetes management

Controlling blood sugar is the key to living a normal life with diabetes. Your doctor will support you through this diagnosis and help you make plans to control your body’s blood sugar levels. This health education is one of the main ways to stay on top of it. The more you know about diabetes, the better you can control it.

A healthy diet and physical activity should be part of everyone’s life, whether they are diabetic or not. However, the benefits of these practices can make a big difference to the practice diagnosed. Both eating well and becoming active can help improve your body’s glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels and help prevent type 2 diabetes altogether.

If you’re struggling to cope with the new lifestyle changes needed to deal with diabetes, there’s additional help available. Classes, events, and support groups are available to provide additional support and education.

Le Yu Khine, MD, is an endocrinologist at UPMC in central and northern Pennsylvania, 1100 Grampian Blvd in Williamsport. I am seeing a patient at. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Khine, call (570) 320-7848. For more information, please visit:

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UPMC Endocrinologist: Understanding and Managing Diabetes | Health

Source link UPMC Endocrinologist: Understanding and Managing Diabetes | Health

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