Currently, at least 19 states prohibit or limit the participation of transgender athletes in sports. Transgender athletes are believed to be only a small part of the 8.5 million high school and college athletes in the United States, but they are at the heart of a polarized political debate.
The ban on transgender athletes has been challenged in court, with supporters of both sides citing Title IX, a groundbreaking anti-discrimination law that has protected and supported girls and women since its enactment in 1972. I’m pointing out.
As the 50th anniversary of Title IX approaches, the outline of the discussion will be as follows.
Who will be affected?
For the purposes of sports discussions, it is primarily related to transgender girls or women who experience puberty without hormone therapy and continue to have androgens in their bodies. This leads to significant performance gaps and unfair competition, as critics say, even though research on this topic is often controversial and still in shape.
Currently, many international sports want to participate in the classification of women, but athletes with certain high levels of testosterone need to take sex-verifying hormones for a certain period of time to qualify. Perhaps the most prominent case involves South African star runner Caster Semenya, who opposed hormone intake and was therefore unable to compete in the Tokyo Olympics.
There is no definite number of transgender athletes affected by state bans, but the Associated Press reported that limits were the primary solution for looking for problems.
What is the state doing?
Most of the 19 states that impose restrictions on transgender athletes tend to vote conservatively. Some governors have rejected bills passed by Republican-controlled legislatures, which are unfair to transgender women, leaving states and their school districts vulnerable to proceedings, and in fact the problem is. Claims not to. Indiana and Utah are one of the states that have revoked the Governor’s veto.
Banned state transgender athletes can challenge and sit in court. Some laws require something that can only be explained as invasive evidence for athletes to compete. In Ohio, the proposed term is “if the gender of the participants is disputed”, the physician needs to approve the athlete’s “internal and external reproductive anatomy”, testosterone levels and overall genetic composition. Said.
In other states, high school athletic meet allows transgender women to compete in girls’ sports. That led to a court battle in Connecticut. There, a group of cisgender high school athletes said that allowing transgender athletes to compete was deprived of track titles and scholarship opportunities. Their lawyer, Christiana Holcomb, said the rule was “completely in conflict with Title IX” and “overturned women’s nearly 50 years of progress.”
Inside out? A lawsuit filed in Florida alleges that the state’s ban on transgender athletes participating in girls’ sports violates Title IX.
What is NCAA’s stance on this?
Earlier this year, the NCAA set aside the old policy that was consistent in all sports in requiring transgender athletes to receive hormone therapy and adhered to the rules set by the National Collegiate Athletic Federation of each sport. Announced.
The NCAA then decided not to adopt the USA swimming rules. As a result, transgender swimmer Lia Thomas of Penn participated in the national championship in March and was able to win the title of 500 yards.
Can Title IX solve this problem?
Title IX makes discussions about transgender athletes such political football before transgender tennis player Renée Richards appeals for play, and certainly even before Olympic champion Caitlyn Jenner transitions. Written long ago.
The groundbreaking provision of the law, “No one should be based on gender,” is subject to a different interpretation than in 1972. In 2022, the issue will be summarized as to whether gender identity is inherently included. Under President Joe Biden, the Ministry of Education has made it clear that it will.
A year ago, the agency issued a statement stating that “addressing discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity” was within the responsibility of “enforcing a ban on gender discrimination in Title IX.” .. It was unclear if something more substantive was in progress.
In the analysis, the National Law Review said, “It is clear that Congressional action may be needed to provide a stronger foundation for these protections.”
Don’t hold your breath: A single piece of federal law trying to clarify the issue was sponsored by the Republicans and didn’t go anywhere in Congress. The Democratic Party has greatly supported the equality law, which enshrines many rights to the LGBTQ community but does not affect Title IX.
For more information on the impact of Title IX, read the full AP report: https: //apnews.com/hub/title-ix Video Timeline: https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v = NdgNI6BZpw0
Title IX updates face polarized challenges – Reading Eagle
Source link Title IX updates face polarized challenges – Reading Eagle