Supreme Court strikes Roe v. Wade case in seismic shift for abortion rights

Washington- The Supreme Court on Friday marked the breakthrough in the Roe v. Wade case, which established the right to abortion in a ruling that showed changes in the abortion law earthquake and announced the arrival of new rules that would limit or ban access to procedures in half of abortions. Overturned the decision, soon in some places.

The decision to revoke nearly 50 years of case has been decided by tens of millions of women nationwide, especially in the South and Midwest Republican-led states, as rights to abortion are reduced, leading to patchwork of unconstitutional laws. Has a great effect on. protection. 13 states are so-called “Trigger method” In books, abortion is quickly outlawed in most cases with Rho capsized.

The ruling occurred in a case related to Mississippi law prohibiting abortion after 15 weeks of gestation, and the court overturned the decision of the Fifth US Circuit Court of Appeals, which blocked this measure.

justice Samuel Alito delivery opinion For the court, and with the addition of judges Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett. Judge John Roberts agrees to break the line of feasibility established under Rho and uphold Mississippi law, while Rho and Casey should remain. , Stated a positive opinion. Three liberal judges in the court objected.

“Rho was terribly wrong from the beginning. The reasoning was very weak, the decision had detrimental consequences, and instead of providing a national solution to the abortion problem, Rho and Casey intensified the debate and deepened the division. “Arito wrote. His majority opinion. “It’s time to pay attention to the Constitution and return the abortion issue to the elected representatives of the people.”

In dissenting opinions written by Judges Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan, the court’s liberal block declared: Disagree. “

“Whatever the exact scope of the upcoming law, one of the consequences of today’s decision is certain: the reduction of women’s rights, and the reduction of women’s status as free and equal citizens,” they write. rice field. “Yesterday, the Constitution ensured that women facing unplanned pregnancies could decide for themselves (within reasonable limits) whether to give birth, and the Constitution also protects.'[t]Ability of women to participate in equality [this Nation’s] Economic and social life. But that is no longer the case. “

Three liberal judges warned that the decision to overturn Law and Casey would have consequences beyond the court’s abortion case law and would jeopardize other groundbreaking decisions.

“No one should be convinced that this majority ends up in the job. The correct Roe and Casey recognized are not independent,” they said. “On the contrary, courts have linked it for decades to other resolved freedoms, including physical integrity, family relationships, and reproduction.”

APTOPIX Supreme Court Abortion
Demonstrators will meet outside the Supreme Court of Washington on Friday, June 24, 2022. The Supreme Court has terminated its constitutional protection against abortion, which had been in place for nearly 50 years. This is a conservative majority decision to overturn the court’s groundbreaking abortion case.

Jose Ismagana / AP

President Biden accused the ruling of “a sad day for the court and the country.”

“The court has done something new,” he said in a statement from the White House. “It clearly deprives so many of the already recognized Americans of the very basic constitutional rights.” rice field. Let’s be clear. The health and livelihoods of women in this country are now at stake. “

The president emphasized that Congress and voters are now responsible for protecting access to abortion by passing legislation and electing members to support it. “Roe is on the ballot this fall,” he said. He also vowed that his administration would take all possible steps to protect access.

“This decision should not be the last word. You can have the last word,” Biden said. “This is not the end.”

Opponents came down to the street outside the Supreme Court, which had been surrounded by non-scalable fences for weeks, in anticipation of the decision. And the ruling brought both blessings and tears of mourning to the demonstrators. Joining the protesters outside the Supreme Court were members of the House of Representatives and their pro-choice caucuses, who marched to court and said, “We trust women, we will not return. ! “

“In the ballot box in November, we will select politicians to make sure that all women in this country have the same abilities, whether they live in California, Colorado, Texas or Oklahoma. I won’t be back, “declared De Gette, a member of the Democratic Party of California, Congressman Diana.

Mr Biden urged those protesting the reversal of the abortion case law court to maintain peace.

“Violence is never acceptable. Intimidation or intimidation is not speech,” he said. “Regardless of your rationale, we must stand up to violence in any way.”

The court’s ruling is Draft majority opinion Judge Samuel Alito, leaked and released in May, suggested that the Supreme Court had resolved to strike Law and Casey. The disclosure of the draft opinion circulated among judges in February, unlike the rest of Washington, is an unprecedented leak from an agency known to be virtually leak-proof, Roberts. Ordered an investigation To the source, it remains unknown.

The Supreme Court confirmed that the draft opinion was genuine, but said the document “does not represent the final position of the member on the matter of the court’s decision or case.”

Planned Parenthood v, reaffirming Roe’s reversal and central ownership of Roe, stating that the state cannot impose restrictions that impose an undue burden on the right to abortion before it becomes feasible. Casey’s 1992 decision could limit approximately 26 states. According to the Guttmacher Institute, an abortion research institute, abortion is decided by the Supreme Court. In anticipation of the ruling, the Republican-led state governor said Oklahoma When FloridaSigned a new restriction on the law.

This decision is a stubborn decision to overthrow Law, marked by an annual march in Washington on Landmark Memorial since the Supreme Court first legalized abortion nationwide in 1973. A ruling showing the long-awaited victory of the anti-abortionists who launched the campaign.

Prior to the Mississippi ruling, the court’s latest ruling included restrictions on abortion from Louisiana, and the court split 5-4 — Roberts joined four liberal members — Defeat measures. However, a few months after the June 2020 ruling, Death of Judge Ruth Bader GinsburgThe court’s liberal anchor, making vacant seats for former President Donald Trump to fill, marking his third appointment to the Supreme Court, is crucial to the outcome of the Mississippi proceedings. Was proved.

Confirmation Barrett Just days before the 2020 presidential election, a conservative majority of the Supreme Court expanded, laying the foundation for Friday’s decision. A few months after Barrett joined the court, the judge agreed to hear the Mississippi dispute, a watershed of the anti-abortion movement.

At the heart of the court battle, Mississippi Law was enacted in 2018 by a Republican-led legislature, banning abortion after 15 weeks of gestation. The federal district court swiftly blocked the enforcement of the ban after alleging that the state’s only abortion clinic, the Jackson Women’s Health Organization, violated Law and Casey.

The Jackson Women’s Health Organization serves approximately 3,000 women annually and provides abortion services up to the 16th week of pregnancy. Clinic lawyers told the court that about 100 patients a year would have an abortion after 15 weeks.

The Fifth US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the federal district court’s decision, and Mississippi state authorities requested that the Supreme Court intervene. The state called for the overthrow of Roe and Casey only after the judge agreed to hear the court battle. Raise your stake Already in a blockbuster debate.

Proponents of the right to abortion warn that a Supreme Court ruling could lead to different laws in different states and could give access to abortion depending on where people live. doing. Republican-led states have already passed or are ready to do so after a decision to limit abortion, but Democrat-led states either systematize rights or allow abortion before the survival of the fetus. By doing so, we are taking steps to maintain access to abortion.

At the national level, the White House and Democrats in Parliament are calling for the passage of a bill that enshrines the right to abortion in federal law. The publication of the draft opinion is the Capitol’s efforts to pass a bill called the Women’s Health Protection Act, which passed the House of Representatives but failed to meet the 60-vote criteria for advancing the bill twice in the Senate. Rekindled. Recently in mid-May.

Democrats also hope that the Supreme Court’s decision will spur voters to vote in the November midterm elections, which are working to maintain parliamentary control. In May, Biden said he had reversed the responsibilities of elected civil servants at all levels of the government to protect women’s right to choose abortion, and voters to elect civil servants in favor of abortion in November. Prompted to. The expansion of the majority in the House and Senate will allow the adoption of laws codifying Roe, he said.

Supreme Court strikes Roe v. Wade case in seismic shift for abortion rights

Source link Supreme Court strikes Roe v. Wade case in seismic shift for abortion rights

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