Washington DC – We know you love pets and we are doing our best to protect them from nasty problems and parasites. To keep your furry friends safe, the US Federal Drug Administration (FDA) has some helpful tips on flea and tick products you should know.
When bitten by a flea, some dogs and cats can do more than itchy discomfort. They can cause flea allergic dermatitis — an allergic reaction to proteins in flea saliva. Also, the pet’s constant scratches can cause permanent hair loss and other skin problems.
In severe epidemics, pet blood-eating fleas can cause anemia and, in rare cases, death.
Mites can also infect pets with tick-borne infections such as Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Babesiosis, and Baltonerosis. Pets can also bring ticks home and be bitten by ticks, exposing you and your family to illness.
Hundreds of pesticides, repellents and growth inhibitors are available to protect your pet from flea and tick bites. Some of these products are only available from veterinarians. Others can be bought at the store.
Flea and tick products range from pills and chews given by mouth to collars, sprays, dips, shampoos, powders and “spot-on”. Liquid products are usually pressed against the skin of dogs and cats between the shoulder blades and under the back. Several spot-on products are available for ferret flea control and horse fly and tick control.
Flea and tick products on the market are used in millions of pets, but they can have side effects and adverse events. It is highly recommended to involve a veterinarian when choosing flea and tick products, especially if your pet is in good health.
You should also carefully read the labels, package inserts, and accompanying materials to ensure that you are using the product correctly. You also need to save the product packaging in case something goes wrong and you need to report it.
When to treat
Your veterinarian can help you determine the best time frame to treat your pet. Generally speaking, if you’re trying to prevent the spread of fleas, it’s best to start treating your pet at the beginning of the flea season. The length of the flea season, which peaks in the warmer months, depends on where you live.
If you live in a colder climate, it may last for only four months or so. In other places like Florida, fleas can live all year round. Fleas can live in warm homes all year round, no matter where they live.
Mites can be found in several places throughout the year.The· Centers for Disease Control and Prevention In most parts of the United States, tick bites are most likely to occur in spring and summer, with reports of even higher spikes in autumn.
Tips for using local flea and tick products
There are different types of flea and tick products that can be applied to pets, and different chemicals work in different ways. Therefore, the following is always important:
Choose the right product
Work with your veterinarian to choose the right product for your pet and your needs.
Make sure the product matches your pet’s species, life stage, and weight class. For dogs, do not use for cats. When using the product on puppies and kittens, make sure it is labeled for its life stage and that your pet is at least at the minimum weight specified on the label.
Do not apply the product to kittens or puppies unless the label specifically allows this treatment. Use a flea comb to remove fleas and flea eggs, and use a tick remover to remove ticks from puppies and kittens that are too young for flea and tick products.
Talk to your veterinarian before using the product on weak, old, medicated, sick, pregnant, or lactating pets. The same is true even if the previous use was successful. The same is true for pets that have previously shown signs of being sensitive to flea and tick products. Tell your veterinarian about other products you may use or offer to your pet. The recommendations may differ.
Please use the product correctly.
Please read the label carefully before use. I have used it many times, but the instructions and warnings may have changed, so please read the label. If you don’t understand the wording, talk to your veterinarian or contact the manufacturer.
Follow the instructions exactly. Do not use daily if the label says “Use weekly”. If the product is used at home or in the yard, do not place it directly on your pet.
If you have multiple pets and are using a spray or “spot-on” product, apply to one pet at a time and keep the treated animal away from other pets until the product dries. This is to prevent one animal from caring for another and taking drugs and pesticides. This is especially important if the product is for dogs only and you have a cat at home.
Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after applying the product, or use protective gloves during application.
Store the product away from foods and objects that may come into contact with human mouth, such as baby pacifiers, inhalers, and cigarettes.
Keep the product out of the reach of children and pets.
Please be careful after use.
Monitor your pet for side effects and adverse events, especially if you are using the product for the first time on your pet. Side effects may occur immediately or later.
If your pet reacts badly to a flea or tick collar, remove the collar immediately.
If your pet responds badly to flea or tick products (spot-on, shampoo, dip, color), contact your veterinarian immediately. Depending on the product you use, your veterinarian may recommend that you bathe your pet immediately. If safe, use mild soap and rinse with plenty of water.
If your pet shows symptoms of illness after using the product, contact your veterinarian. Look for dizziness, wobbling, coordination disorder, loss of appetite, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive salivation. Some animals have seizures or die.
Learn how to report problems with flea and tick products.
Safe Use of Flea and Tick Products on Pets: FDA | Life
Source link Safe Use of Flea and Tick Products on Pets: FDA | Life