Russia-Ukraine War: Some important developments in conflict

Associated Press

Two million people (half of them children) fled Ukraine within two weeks of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine as the worst refugee crisis in Europe since World War II spreads day by day, officials said. Said.

The humanitarian situation in the besieged cities of the country became more dire, including Mariupol, where corpses lay uncollected in the streets and the hopes of civilian evacuation were once again shattered.

Ukrainian military officials said the country needed an air defense system above all else.

Let’s take a look at the important things you need to know about war.

What was directly witnessed or confirmed by the Associated Press?

Mariupol’s women and children gathered in underground shelters as the cannons burned in the distance. One of the women, Goma Janna, said, “Why should I not cry? I want a house, I want a job. I am very sad about people, the city and the children.”

Mariupol’s civilians, with a population of about 430,000, have had no access to water, heat, sanitation systems, or telephone services for several days, and many have invaded the store. In the video, Ukrainian soldiers tell people: You don’t have to panic. Don’t steal everything. You will live here together. “

The video showed people on a bus at Smee on Tuesday and a bus marked with a Red Cross on a snowy road leaving the city. Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Irina Vereschuk said both sides had agreed to a ceasefire from 9 am to 9 pm for the evacuation of Smy civilians heading southwest to the Ukrainian city of Poltava.

How is the evacuation going?

Weleschuk said 5,000 people had been evacuated from Smy. Russian troops gave another number, stating that 723 people had fled the city, identified them primarily as Indian citizens, and the rest from China, Jordan and Tunisia. It did not mention Ukrainians among the evacuees.

However, the planned evacuation of civilians from Mariupol failed because Russian troops fired on a Ukrainian convoy carrying humanitarian cargo to a city that was later scheduled to ferry people, Bereshchuk said.

Natalia Mudrenko, an employee of the UN mission in Ukraine, has accused Russia of effectively “hostage” civilians, and the “crisis situation” in Mariupol and other cities has led to world leaders and humanitarian and medical care. He said he would demand immediate action by the institution.

She said at a UN Security Council meeting Tuesday afternoon that civilians, primarily women and children, were “not allowed to leave and humanitarian aid is unacceptable.”

Russian troops denied firing on the convoy and accused Ukraine of blocking evacuation efforts.

Since last weekend, repeated attempts to create a safe evacuation corridor have failed as the fight against the proposed route continues and opposition continues.

What else is happening on the ground?

According to Ukrainian rescue teams, Russian aircraft bombarded residential areas around Zhytomyr, west of Kharkiv and Kyiv, the second largest cities in Ukraine, on Tuesday night, and their troops also bombarded the outskirts of Kyiv. Strengthened.

In Marin, a town of 25,000 near Zhytomyr, the bombing killed at least five people, including two children, and destroyed textile factories and seven homes, officials said. Two people, including seven, were killed in a bombing in Chuhuiv near Kharkiv.

Ukrainian officials also reported the dire situation in Bucha, Hostmel, Ilpen, Vyshhorod and Borodianka on the outskirts of Kyiv, including the bodies of the dead who could not be buried.

Mayor Lviv said cities in the far western part of Ukraine are having a hard time feeding and accommodating more than 200,000 people who have fled there. Refugees are housed in sports halls, schools and other buildings in the city.

Approximately two weeks after Russian President Vladimir Putin began the invasion, his troops occupied southern Ukraine and the coast, but progress has stopped in many areas, including around Kyiv.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has vowed that his country will fight Russia’s invasion of its cities, fields and riverbanks.

“We won’t give up and we won’t lose,” he told the House of Commons in the United Kingdom in a video, reminiscent of Winston Churchill’s “never surrender” speech during World War II.

How many people were killed?

The actual number is unknown, but it is believed that thousands of people were killed, both civilians and soldiers.

The U.S. believes it has underestimated Ukraine’s resistance before Russia began its invasion, causing thousands of casualties, said Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines on Tuesday in Washington. I told a member of the Diet.

What about aid to Ukraine?

After visiting the Pentagon, Maj. Gen. Boris Klemenecky, a military attaché at the Ukrainian Embassy in Ukraine, said additional air defense capabilities were Ukraine’s top priority.

“It could be a ground-based air defense system. It could be a fighter whenever possible,” Kremenetskyi told The Associated Press.

He said there are countries around the world that have Soviet air defense systems that Ukrainians know how to operate.

“The US government can also motivate these countries to offer this equipment,” he said.

Poland announced on Tuesday that it would provide all MiG-29 fighters to the United States, where Ukrainian pilots are trained to fly. However, the Pentagon replied that Poland’s offer to give the United States a jet so that it could be handed over to Ukraine was unbearable, raising serious concerns for the NATO alliance.

Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said the United States will continue to talk to Poland on this issue.

Have sanctions on Russia been strengthened?

Yes. US President Joe Biden said the US will ban all Russian oil imports, even if that means higher costs for Americans, especially on gas pumps. Energy exports maintain a stable cash flow to Russia, despite the stringent restrictions facing Russia.

The Central Bank of Russia has significantly tightened currency restrictions in ways not seen since the Soviet era. It ordered the country’s commercial banks to limit the amount of money clients can withdraw from hard currency deposits to $ 10,000 in US dollars. Withdrawals in excess of that amount will be converted to rubles at the current exchange rate.

Soaring prices for oil and other important commodities such as wheat used in government-sponsored bread and noodles have shaken the global market.

McDonald’s, Starbucks, Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and General Electric all announced on Tuesday that they will temporarily suspend operations in Russia. Shell said on Tuesday that it would stop buying Russian oil after Ukrainian officials criticized the energy giant for buying crude oil transport from Moscow.


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Russia-Ukraine War: Some important developments in conflict

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