Leaders and legislators working on practical solar development in Pennsylvania are considering both the life, disposal, and cost issues and solutions of solar panels.
Pennsylvania is at the “front line” of “enhancing solar energy,” said Thomas B. Murphy, director of the Pennsylvania State Marcels Outreach and Research Center (MCOR), on the State Council on Energy and Agriculture. Said at the joint hearing.
According to Murphy, the state is experiencing an energy shift (increasing natural gas and renewables by 2024) brought about by lower market costs and technological advances.
According to Murphy, the federal goal is that 10% of the electricity comes from sunlight, which is broken down into 80,000 acres of land. Currently, most practical solar is used on agricultural land.
It is estimated that more than 5,000 landowners across the state have already signed solar energy contracts and leases. According to Murphy, 10,000 people are expected in the near future.
Solar leasing usually lasts for 25 years. This is also the life expectancy of solar panels.
Most solar panels in use today will be discontinued by 2023. The abolition of solar panels refers to the process of disassembling the panels into parts, removing the parts from the site, and preparing the land for redevelopment.
Many European countries require solar panels to be recycled at the end of their lifespan. The United States is moving towards similar policies, including Pennsylvania.
One of the recycling approaches is to resell the panels for other uses. The solar industry currently estimates that a ton of solar panels could have a potential value of about $ 550 if resold in individual components.
According to Murphy, there are only a limited number of companies in the United States offering solar panel recycling services, but new technologies are expected to provide more services.
According to Murphy, solar panels have a limited lifespan because of the rapid technological development that makes older models less efficient after 25 years.
Solar companies are known to abandon projects in the middle of development, leaving behind profitable material. To avoid this consequence, decommissioning bonds can reliably cover the cost of decommissioning.
According to Murphy, it can be difficult to predict costs 25 years from now, so there is some hesitation from landowners, local governments, and legislators surrounding decommissioning bonds. However, new policies are being considered to make bonds adjustable.
Senate Bill 284Introduced by Senator Gene Yaw, passed on April 14, provides guidelines for assessing a five-year financial benchmark that takes market value into account. Benchmarks aim to reduce the cost of decommissioning.
Yaw’s plan adds consideration for other materials related to solar development that need to be removed at the end of the facility’s life. The decommissioning plan should also outline these cost plans.
“As the Pennsylvania energy industry expands to include renewable resources, we need to consider the most responsible ways to ensure that these new facilities are safely and properly decommissioned,” Yaw said. Mr. says. “This bill protects both landowners and our environment from the potential harm caused by the lack of decommissioning standards.”
Another state bill has recently been working on decommissioning. House building 2104Introduced in Kathy Lap, Decommissioning and monetary payment plans are required. This includes the condition that the panel be dismantled and recycled within 18 months of the site being abandoned or closed.
Yo’s approved Senate bill has the same requirement that the facility be decommissioned 18 months after it ceases to generate electricity.
Wrap’s law also imposes restrictions on the recycling of solar components. The total amount delivered to the landfill cannot exceed 20 percent of the total mass of the panel.
The state is working on more solar development projects, just as these bills address the fruits of solar energy development and many solar power plants near the 2023 cutoff.
Pa. Pave the way for solar energy development — but how much does it cost? | State
Source link Pa. Pave the way for solar energy development — but how much does it cost? | State