New vehicles will need to increase from 28 mpg, averaging 40 mpg by 2026. Associated Press

Detroit (AP) — New cars sold in the United States must average at least 40 miles per gallon of gasoline in 2026 (up from about 28 mpg) under new federal regulations announced on Friday. Standard rollback It was enacted under President Donald Trump.

The Department of Road Safety said the new fuel economy requirements are the strongest ever and the maximum that the industry can achieve during this period. Reduces gasoline consumption by more than 220 billion gallons over the life of the vehicle compared to Trump standards.

They are expected to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, but not as much as some environmentalists want. And it will raise new car prices in an industry that is already under pressure due to inflation and supply chain problems.

In the current model year, standards established under Trump require that the fleet of new vehicles be slightly less than 28 miles per gallon in actual driving. The new requirements will improve fuel economy by 8% annually for model years 2024 and 2025 and 10% for model years 2026.

Transport Secretary Pete Buttigieg of the sector, including NHTSA, said the rule would also help strengthen national security by reducing the country’s dependence on foreign oil and reducing its vulnerability. Volatile gasoline price.. Gasoline across the country has skyrocketed to an average of over $ 4.22 per gallon, much of it since Russia. Major oil producers, Invades Ukraine In late February. According to AAA, a year ago it was $ 2.88 per gallon.

Gasoline price Fuel inflation is the highest in 40 yearsRun out of household budget Approval evaluation of President Joe Biden..

“Transportation costs are the second largest cost for American families and second only to housing,” Butigeg said. The new standards will help keep the United States safer and “keep the freedom to envision the future without being subject to decisions made in the boardrooms of other countries and energy companies,” he said.

But car dealers say more stringent requirements push prices up and drive people out of the already expensive new car market. NHTSA predicts that the new rules will increase the price of new 2029 models by $ 1,087.

The Trump administration has rolled back fuel economic standards, allowing it to rise by 1.5% annually. This is not enough to limit the emission of global warming greenhouse gases that promote climate change, environmental groups say. The standard used to rise by about 5% each year.

However, the new standards do not immediately match the standards adopted by 2025 under President Barack Obama. NHTSA officials said it would be comparable to the Obama standard by 2025 and slightly above it in the 2026 model.

Obama-era standards were automatically adjusted to adapt to changing types of cars people are buying. When enacted in 2012, 51% of new car sales were cars and 49% were SUVs and trucks. Last year, 77% of new car sales were SUVs and trucks, which are generally less efficient than cars.

Some environmental groups said the new requirements from NHTSA under Biden were not advanced enough to fight. global warming.. Others have endorsed the new standard as a major step towards reducing emissions, and the American Lung Association calls for stronger standards to drive the transition to all new zero-emission vehicles by 2035. I did.

“Climate change has worsened, but these rules only require that gas eruptions be reduced slightly more than automakers agreed to reduce nine years ago,” said the Center for Biodiversity. Dan Becker, director of the Safe Climate Transport Center, said.

Officials said under the new standards, owners will save about $ 1,400 in gasoline costs during the life of the 2029 model vehicle. According to NHTSA, carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced by 2.5 billion metric tons by 2050.

Automakers have invested billions of dollars in the development and manufacture of electric vehicles, but say they need government support to get people to buy electric vehicles. Both companies hope to lower prices through government tax credits and raise funds for EV charging stations to ease concerns about juice shortages.

John Bozzella, CEO of the Alliance for Automotive Innovation, a large industry group, said tightening regulations would require government support policies. Regulators need to consider safety, consumer preferences, improved fuel economy, and the move to electric vehicles, he said in a statement.

NHTSA has set fuel economic requirements and the Environmental Protection Agency has set limits on greenhouse gas emissions. NHTSA officials said automakers do not have to comply with the two rules, as their requirements are in close agreement with the rules adopted by the EPA in December.

This story has been modified to show that the current actual mileage requirement under the rules of the Trump administration is 28mpg instead of 24mpg.

Copyright 2022 AP communication. all rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

New vehicles will need to increase from 28 mpg, averaging 40 mpg by 2026. Associated Press

Source link New vehicles will need to increase from 28 mpg, averaging 40 mpg by 2026. Associated Press

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