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NASA Shows a New View of the Universe – thereporteronline

By SETH BORENSTEIN

Greenbelt, Maryland (AP) — A sparkling landscape of baby stars. A view of the bubbling blue and orange of the dying star. Five galaxies of cosmic dance. The splendor of the universe was shining with a new batch of images released on Tuesday from NASA’s powerful new telescope.

The $ 10 billion James Webb Space Telescope unveiling began on Monday with a sneak peek at the first shot at the White House — a jumble of distant galaxies deeper into space than humanity has ever seen. ..

The release on Tuesday showed a part of the universe seen by other telescopes. But the pure power of the web, away from Earth, and the use of infrared spectra have shown them in a new light that scientists have said is almost as artistic as science.

“It’s both beauty and story,” said Nobel laureate NASA senior web scientist John Mother after revealing. “It’s a story of where we came from.”

He said that the more he looked at the images, the more he was convinced that life was somewhere in those thousands of stars and hundreds of galaxies.

Scientists, along with Webb, want to get a glimpse of the light from the first stars and galaxies formed just 100 million years ago from space, formed 13.7 billion years ago-the Big Bang. The telescope also scans the atmosphere of the alien world for possible signs of life.

“Every image is a new discovery, each of which will give humanity a new perspective on humanity,” NASA administrator Bill Nelson said on Tuesday.

According to scientists, Webb’s use of the infrared spectrum allows telescopes to see through cosmic dust and see light far from the corners of the universe.

“We have really changed our understanding of the universe,” said Josef Aschbacher, director of the European Space Agency.

Space agencies in Europe and Canada have joined NASA to build telescopes. The telescope was launched in December after years of delays and cost overruns. The Webb is considered the successor to the highly successful but dilapidated Hubble Space Telescope.

Some of Hubble’s finest images are shots of the Carina Nebula, one of the bright stellar nurseries in the sky about 7,600 light-years away. Webb project scientist Klaus Pontopidan knew that it would be a frameable beauty shot, so he decided to focus one of Webb’s early eyes on that location. The result is an image of the colorful landscape of the bubbles and cavities in which the stars were born.

“This is art,” said Pontopidan. “I really wanted that landscape. It has that contrast. It has blue. It’s golden. It’s dark. It’s bright. It has a clear image.”

Tap to be released on Thursday: Jupiter’s close-up shows one of the faint rings and some satellites, he said.

Also in the new shot:

— The Southern Ring Nebula, sometimes referred to as the “Eight Burst.” The image shows a dying star with a bubbling edge of fleeing gas. It’s about 2,500 light-years away. Light-years are 5.8 trillion miles. “This is the end of this star, but the beginning of another,” said Pontopidan. When it dies, he says, it throws away the parts of the galaxy that plant the elements used for new stars.

— Stephan’s Quintet, the Five Galaxy of Space Dances first seen 225 years ago in Pegasus. It contains a black hole that scientists say showed material that was “swallowed by this kind of cosmic monster.” “It gave us an unprecedented 290 million year old new view of what this quintet is doing,” said Webb, an astronomer at Cornell University who was not part of the Webb team. Lisa Cartenegger said in an email.

— A giant planet called WASP-96b. It is about the same size as Saturn and 1,150 light-years away. The gas giant, which is not a candidate for life elsewhere, is an important target for astronomers. Instead of images, the telescope used its infrared detector to examine the chemical composition of the planet’s atmosphere. It showed water vapor in the atmosphere of ultra-hot planets, even found the chemical spectrum of neon, and showed clouds that astronomers thought were empty.

The images were released one by one at an event at NASA’s Goddard Space Center, including a cheerleader with a telescope’s golden mirror-colored pompoms.

“It moves you. It’s so beautiful,” said Thomas Zulbuchen, head of NASA’s scientific mission, after the event. “Nature is beautiful. For me, this is about beauty.”

The world’s largest and most powerful space telescope soared from French Guiana in South America last December. In January, we reached the observatory one million miles (1.6 million kilometers) from the earth. Then a long process began aligning the mirrors, cooling the infrared detector sufficiently to operate and calibrate the scientific instrument. All of these were protected by a shade the size of a tennis court.

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The Associated Press’s Department of Health Sciences is supported by the Science Education Department of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. AP is solely responsible for all content.

NASA Shows a New View of the Universe – thereporteronline

Source link NASA Shows a New View of the Universe – thereporteronline

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