Former Alabama Governor John Patterson, who entered politics as a reformer after his father was assassinated but was accused of failing to protect Freedom Riders from an angry white mob, died. He was 99 years old.
He died on Friday, confirmed by his daughter Barbara Patterson Shoal. She said funeral arrangements were pending. “He died peacefully at home, with his family and friends,” she said.
Patterson’s involvement in the state government lasted for half a century and was elected Attorney General at the age of 33 after a riot in Phenix City, after which he became a judge.
An quarantine as governor, he was criticized when Freedom Riders was attacked in Alabama, and Patterson did nothing to protect them. He then regretted what happened. I raised my voice. He ended his political career more gently in the Criminal Court of Appeals and continued to write in his 80s.
Patterson was also involved in the dire invasion of the Bay of Pigs and helped the CIA train Cuban asylum seekers in the Alabama Air National Guard. When the 1961 invasion of Cuba failed, some Alabama pilots Died.
Patterson was born on his grandparents’ farm in the small Tallapoosa County community of Goldville, but graduated from high school in Phoenix City, where his father Albert Patterson was a lawyer. After working as a staff member for General Dwight Eisenhower during World War II, Patterson returned home, earned a law degree from the University of Alabama, and began working with his father.
Albert Patterson ran for Attorney General in 1954 and won the Democratic nomination for a platform that wiped out the vices and illegal gambling that turned his city into an “American City of Sin.” Shot in Phoenix City on the 18th.
Democratic officials pressured his son to run for him. He succeeded and won.
In a 2003 interview, Patterson told The Associated Press that he had no interest in politics until his father died. “If he hadn’t been killed, he wouldn’t have run for public office. No one would have heard of me outside of the legal profession,” Patterson said.
As Attorney General, Patterson kept his father’s campaign promise to wipe out Phenix City. He also fought a civil rights group in court. In one case, he ordered the NAACP to stop operating in Alabama. The detention order continued until it was lifted by the US Supreme Court in 1964.
Patterson ran for governor in 1958 and defeated Wallace in a Democratic primary, which focused primarily on Patterson’s pro-racist pro-elections.
Patterson was the only person to defeat Wallace in the Alabama elections.
Four years later, Wallace successfully insisted on the Separatist flag and began his dynasty.
During Patterson’s term, Alabama launched a $ 100 million school construction program, increased old-age pensions, returned state docks to the black, and enacted small lending legislation to curb usury.
However, during his term, there were also attacks on Freedom Riders who were trying to integrate the bus waiting room with the lunch counter. Patterson later said he had mistakenly trusted Birmingham and Montgomery police to protect Freedom Riders, but they did not.
“I regret it. It was bad for the administration,” Patterson said in 2003.
Mr Patterson said he knew that segregation could not be maintained under the Constitution, but wanted to delay its termination. He said he felt that the Alabama people would accept integration without violence if the change happened slowly.
Just 50 years after Freedom Riders was beaten by a white mob in Montgomery, on May 20, 2011, Patterson welcomed 10 people returning to Montgomery for the unveiling of the museum to commemorate them.
“It took a lot of nerves and guts to do what they did,” Patterson said. In a 2009 interview, Sam Webb, co-editor of the Governor of Alabama, said Patterson was a “brave and brave” governor in many ways, but their achievements depended on racial issues. The shadow has faded.
“Unfortunately, what stands out in John Patterson’s proceedings is his fierce opposition to civil rights and racial integration,” said Webb, a historian at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
During the term of Governor of Patterson, the CIA began planning for Cuban asylum seekers to invade Cuba and overthrow Fidel Castro. CIA agents approached Patterson on acquiring members of the Alabama Air National Guard to assist in training asylum seekers, after the agent assured him that President Eisenhower had approved the plan. I agreed.
About 300 Alabamas helped train Cuban asylum seekers to invade the Bay of Pigs, but this did not take place until John Kennedy replaced Eisenhower at the White House in 1961. Mission killed 4 people.
Kennedy initially denied US involvement in the aggression, which was a shock to Patterson, who knew something else.
A few years later, Patterson revealed that he had reported to Kennedy about the aggression plan shortly before the November 1960 presidential election. Kennedy’s supporter, Patterson, flew to New York and told Kennedy that the Eisenhower administration would carry out an invasion shortly before the presidential election to increase Vice President Richard Nixon’s chances of defeating Kennedy.
In 1962, Patterson was unable to seek a second term. This is because Alabama law subsequently banned consecutive terms. He attempted a comeback in 1966, but was defeated by Wallace’s wife, Larene. He also did not run for Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court in 1972.
Patterson, who was a friend of Wallace before the 1958 struggle, eventually renewed his friendship and helped Wallace participate in subsequent presidential and governor elections. In 1984, Wallace made Patterson a detective in Alabama. Nominated for vacant seats in the Court of Appeals.
In January 1997, a state constitution prohibited re-election after reaching the age of 70, so he was elected to an end of his six-year term and was re-elected in 1990.
The current Governor of Alabama, Kay Ivey, condolences to the Pattersons on Saturday.
“I pray to my family and loved ones who mourn the death of former Governor John Patterson,” Ivy said in a statement.
Former Separatist Governor of Alabama, John Patterson, dies at age 99 | National
Source link Former Separatist Governor of Alabama, John Patterson, dies at age 99 | National