More than a year after Black Lives Matter’s protests began a global assessment of the centuries-old racism that blacks continue to face, the issue of compensation is the biggest global issue of the year. It emerged as a problem that attracted attention at a gathering of leaders.
At the UN General Assembly, Africa and the Caribbean, which are in a position to benefit from compensation, were boosted by other nations, but the nations most responsible for slavery and colonialism owe their descendants to Africa. He didn’t say much about whether he was there.
Leaders from Africa (South Africa and Cameroon) to the Caribbean (Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Lucia) have clearly supported the creation of compensation to represent countries that are unlikely to pay, including Cuba. Said Malaysia. system.
But it’s also worth noting those who are missing from the new global conversation on this topic. The United States, Great Britain, Germany, a wealthy and developed country built from various types of conquests.
“Caribbean countries like us, exploited and underdeveloped to fund European development, have filed proceedings for slavery and their slaughter. Saint Lucia’s Prime Minister, J. Pierre. “There must be no dual standards in the international system in recognizing, admitting and compensating for victims of humanitarian crimes.”
Looking at who was talking about this issue last week or not, while there is a growing movement in favor of literal repayments to the African Continent and the forced diaspora that devastated it, the powers Substantial involvement-but apologize-is limited.
For example, US President Joe Biden said the White House earlier this year but did not mention it in his speech. Support studying compensation For black Americans.And the UN Ambassador’s office Linda Thomas GreenfieldAfrican-American, did not comment on the recent reparations debate.
The monetary atonement for the history of American slavery seeks to reconcile what South African President Cyril Ramaphosa called “one of the darkest times in human history and an unparalleled barbaric crime.” It is a serious problem in the attempt of the world to do.
“The legacy remains in the Americas, the Caribbean, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa itself,” Lamaposa said at a conference on reparations at the General Assembly. “Millions of African-American descendants sold to slavery remain trapped in a life of underdevelopment, disadvantage, discrimination and poverty.”
Slavery in the United States began more than 400 years ago with slaves being forcibly transported by ship from Africa. NS Discussion of compensation It has been going on since the abolition of slavery in 1865.
In recent years, the issue has been declining in Congress for over 30 years, but compensation is Gained traction With scattered cities and municipalities as the country continues to wrestle with the fallout from George Floyd’s death in 2020.
Carla Ferstman, an international law expert studying compensation as a professor at the University of Essex, said the United Nations marks an important milestone in the global compensation movement that the session has cultivated over 20 years. Stated.
What has not yet been seen is how it evolves between individual countries and how the outcome will change. Each reparation program takes place especially between the perpetrator and the victim’s descendants, but conversations to correct historical mistakes are now universal.
“It’s universal, because inequality is universal,” Felstmann said.
Valuable reparations for dealing with harm include direct monetary payments to individuals, development assistance to the state, the return of colonized land, valuable relics and cultural properties, and the potential to remain suppressed. It can come in the form of systematic amendments to certain policies and laws, and a kind of perfection-a peaceful acknowledgment and apology that wipes out certain historical figures once celebrated as national heroes.
“People perceive their harm in very different ways — this perception of how mistakes happened and how they appeared with respect to later generations,” Felstmann said. “You need to be sensitive to what is important and how to make the best fix.”
The latest debate on reparations commemorates the important but controversial 2001 Anti-Racism Conference held by the United Nations in South Africa, resulting in Durban Declaration.
The new resolution adopted at the Memorial Conference last Wednesday acknowledged some progress, but discrimination and violence against African heritage people and many other groups, from Rome to refugees, young people to the elderly. Lamented the heightened intolerance. Have obstacles to refugees.
There was some debate about reparations, but last week’s new declaration was not overlooked in the story that the government did not require the affected countries to pay reparations.
He just said that there should be a way for descendants to seek “fair and appropriate compensation or satisfaction for the damage they have suffered.”It ’s from the UN Human Rights Council Explicit recommendation Compensation for major milestone reports in June.
“Compensation could not compensate or correct all the mistakes made against Africans, but it addresses and realizes the systematic racism that still remains in today’s society. The real potential can be of great help in providing an equal playing field for, “said Mohammad Haslin Aid, head of the UN mission in Malaysia, said at a meeting on Wednesday.
The United States, Britain, and Germany among dozens of countries that did not attend Durban’s commemorative ceremony last week as they continued to complain about the meeting when the United States boycotted references to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict 20 years ago. It was in. UN officials in the United Kingdom and Germany did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
However, the German president did not mention compensation in his speech at the General Assembly, but he is one of the few countries to spend money to supplement colonial action.
Germany earlier this year Officially recognized The genocide massacre of tens of thousands in Namibia has agreed to provide € 1.1 billion ($ 1.3 billion) to a project that is expected to last more than 30 years to support affected communities. .. The announcement points out that it did not label the German initiative as formal reparations.
Seattle-based Sally Ho is a member of the Associated Press’s Race & Ethnicity team. Follow her on Twitter. http://twitter.com/—Sallyho
Compensation draws UN scrutiny, but few payers say | Nationwide
Source link Compensation draws UN scrutiny, but few payers say | Nationwide