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Community Considers “Controlled Withdrawal” from Climate Change | Nationwide

NS. Helena Island, South Carolina (AP) — Ricky Wright points to the banks of a stream to show one way his hometown was affected by climate change. Many banks have eroded or collapsed, leaving only boats to their favorite fishing spots, which were once on solid ground.

Wright is a descendant of slaves and is part of Garagichi, a group of black Americans living off the coast of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Communities that have endured for centuries are now experiencing rising sea levels eating up land, warming temperatures, changing aquaculture and fishing practices, and devastating storms threatening their lifestyles. I’m at stake.

“I think it’s depressing to lose such a place, especially if you grow up there,” said a 65-year-old fisherman who pointed out other changes, such as the great white shark moving off St. Helena. I did. “It’s scary.”

The risks to Garagichi and other communities are high enough to raise surprising questions. Should it simply be thrown away naturally in some populated areas? One of the strategies to gain traction is the so-called managed retreat. This is a planned relocation of vulnerable people.

“This is a big problem. In my opinion, by the middle of the century there will be 30 million displaced people and there will be major migrations in the United States,” he said. The biggest question is whether the retreat is planned and systematic, or unplanned and chaotic.

This issue also raises concerns about the economic fairness of this landscape, home to Hilton Head Island. Hilton Head Island is a popular destination for wealthy tourists visiting many resorts.

Harriet Festing, co-founder of the alliance, said the hotel would remain open and the industry would get new permits while Gala Ghi Chi was told to consider moving. “So there is a lot of distrust of the government’s intentions and the messages that reach them.”

A controlled form of withdrawal has existed in the United States since at least 1989, when the Federal Emergency Management Agency began buying real estate in flood-prone areas.Parts of Louisiana, Wisconsin When Illinois We tried to use the planned relocation to save the community from floods and rising seas.

With the help of government acquisitions, some communities only move to nearby areas that are less prone to disasters. Others migrate completely to different parts of the country or to different countries.

But buyouts are not the only factor. Other strategies include habitat restoration, replacing concrete-rich areas with green spaces, and using zoning methods to limit development in problem areas.

Someday in Florida, California and parts of New York you will need to use the same strategy.

“Imagine the density of New York City shifting north over the next 100 years, said AR Siders, an assistant professor at the University of Delaware’s Center for Disaster Research.

One of the reasons ideas are hit by resistance is because of their name. “Managed Retreat” is too technical for some and too defeated for others. Proponents are beginning to adopt other languages, including planned relocations and climate change.

But no matter what it’s called, in the aftermath of a catastrophe such as Hurricane Sandy, more and more communities are considering some versions of the idea, Ciders said.

The concept “drives us to make better adaptations,” she said. “But it’s also a challenge because it scares people. I’m afraid they’ll be kicked out of the house.”

In a study published in Science Advances In 2019, Siders and other researchers discovered that FEMA’s acquisition program was likely to support wealthier and more densely populated counties. But even within those communities, FEMA acquisitions were concentrated in wealthy, sparsely populated areas with low English proficiency and high racial diversity.

Environmental activist Hilton Kelley has been working for years to get federal support to relocate himself and members of his community from Port Arthur, Texas. Port Arthur is closer to the Gulf Coast than much of Houston, and both communities have been hit by hurricanes over the last two decades. However, Houston has received more attention and money for its relocation due to its very large population, he said.

“This town has been devastated,” he said. “But when it comes to helping vulnerable people, especially lowland color communities, we’ve never had a fair shake.”

According to Kelly, many people at Port Arthur are ready to relocate with help and can lead plans for relocation. But not in other cities.

Tiny DeSoto, Missouri, has been hit by four devastating flash floods in the last eight years. After a particularly severe flood in 2016, Susan Chelor Lily began organizing neighbors to accept buyouts, but they seemed to be interested only shortly after the flood.

“It hasn’t been flooded for five years and people are now very comfortable thinking that it will never happen again, but it will,” she said.

Lily and other related residents organized 22 homes and one business to apply for FEMA money, but in about one-third of the structures recommended for acquisition by the Army Corps of Engineers. Not too much.

She said they needed a purchase for everyone, as their abandoned houses are often bought, repaired, and returned to the market, even when people move to higher ground.

“And people experience floods, and that’s exactly what this virtuous cycle repeats over and over,” she said.

recently World Bank Report By 2050, climate change is projected to force 200 million people around the world to move. Other countries have already begun planning large-scale relocations. Jakarta When Marshall Islands..

The process is “extremely complex and at high risk of the community getting worse than before,” said Ezekiel Simperingham, Global Immigration Leader of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and the United Nations of Red Crescent. Stated.

Large storms are well known among the Garaghi Chi. At least seven named storms struck the southeastern United States where they live, including Hurricane Matthew 2016, Irma 2017, and Dorian 2019.

Thomas Mitchell, a clubber on St. Helena, is from a family that catches fish, shrimp and oysters. However, oysters were difficult to obtain due to the cold climate required to survive and the long warm seasons.

“Oysters don’t come until they get cold, and they don’t get cold,” he said.

But the idea of ​​abandoning their historic home is not a starting lineup for many of Garagichi.

“The only way I can move is when I die,” Wright said.

Marquetta Goodwine, the island’s community leader known as the “Queen Quet,” said Garagichi was closely associated with the land.

“I’m not running. I didn’t come from the runner’s stock,” she said. “I come from a stock of fighters, people who hold up, people who support what they believe in, and we are rooted in this soil.”

Wright repeated those feelings while waiting for the fish to pull the bait in the stream.

“When we were kids, my parents told us … if you have to run somewhere, don’t run away from home. Be sure to run and go home,” he said. Said. “And it was planted in me, and this is the house.”

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Borenstein reported from Kensington, Maryland. Follow Drew Costley and Seth Borenstein on Twitter. https://twitter.com/drewcostley When https://twitter.com/borenbears..

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The Associated Press’s Department of Health Sciences is supported by the Department of Science Education at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. AP is solely responsible for all content.

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Follow the AP report of the Climate Conference http://apnews.com/hub/climate.



Community Considers “Controlled Withdrawal” from Climate Change | Nationwide

Source link Community Considers “Controlled Withdrawal” from Climate Change | Nationwide

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