Sports training and competition is one of the top causes of musculoskeletal and spine sports injuries. When an athlete trains or competes, their muscles and bones may often be overworked. Especially in high-contact physical sports, it’s not surprising that, eventually, the body may cave in to the physical trauma. More so when too much effort has been exerted, the body may start to become weak, thereby becoming more prone to injuries. Generally, those injuries are classified as either musculoskeletal and spinal.
Musculoskeletal injuries refer to those that can affect the body’s ability to move and its musculoskeletal system. This includes the blood vessels, muscles, discs, tendons, and ligaments. On the other hand, spinal injuries refer to damage on the spinal cord due to external trauma or physical force.
For your awareness, this article gives you a list of some of the top musculoskeletal and spine injuries to look out for.
- Low Back Pain
When the spine undergoes a lot of pressure, stress, bodily impact, or sudden movement, one becomes more prone to suffering from lower back pain. This risk is greater in athletes involved in sports like skiing, tennis, football, golf, ice skating, and running. Usually,back pain is more concentrated on the lumbar or lower area of the spine.
Generally, low back pain is quite common and can be treated without any disruption to the athlete’s quality of life. But, once the pain starts to persist, as well as increases in strength and frequency, then those are telling signs for you to address your low back pain with a doctor from a trusted clinic, such as Eastidspine.com.
- Herniated Cervical Disc
When, after engaging in sports, you suddenly suffer from pain in your neck area, whichwas nonexistent before, this could be a telling sign that you may be suffering from an herniated cervical disc. The discs in your spine are those parts that are responsible for protecting your body during regular movements, like running and jumping, along with strenuous physical activities, which may cause wear and tear in your body.
When you suffer from an herniated cervical disc, this is synonymous to what’s also known as a ‘slipped disc’ or ‘ruptured disc.’ You’ll be able to determine if you may be suffering from an herniated cervical disc through symptoms such as:
- Pain on or near your shoulders
- Muscle spasms
- Tingling and numbness in your arms
- Ankle Sprain
Many athletes will experience ankle sprain multiple times in their lifetime. In fact, even non-athletes who regularly engage in sports for hobby and exercise purposes can also fall victim to an ankle sprain. This is even truer when you don’t give your body the proper warmup it needs before engaging in any sport. An ankle sprain happens when the foot turns inward, resulting in tearing or stretching of the muscles and ligaments outside the ankle.
To ensure you don’t suffer an ankle sprain during any strenuous activity you participate in, it helps to pay a visit to a physical therapist. That way, you’ll gain tips and advice on what exercises to do to give your feet its needed warmup.
Epicondylitis is also known as tennis elbow. This is a painful condition of your elbow due to overuse. Given its other well-known name, tennis elbow usually happens to tennis athletes who exert a lot of force on their elbows and arms.When you suffer from tennis elbow, this essentially means that there’s inflammation or micro-tearing of the tendons on the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. The elbows can easily be damaged due to overuse, or through exerting great force and effort with repeated motions.
Some of the common symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and tenderness on your elbow, which are usually caused by activities such as:
- Straightening your wrist
- Lifting something
- Raising your hand
- Making a fist
- Shaking hands
- Groin Pull
A groin pull happens when there’s a strong side to side motion that strains the inner thigh muscles or the groin area. This is very common for individuals who play football, soccer, baseball, and hockey. Luckily, groin pull can be treated and managed at home. You only need to see a physician when significant swelling starts to show on your groin area.
Some of the most effective home remedies for groin pull is as simple as rest, compression, and ice. If the pain still persists, give yourself time to rest. Otherwise, when you engage so quickly back to a strenuous physical activity, the groin pull may aggravate, or even become a long-term problem.
Spondylosis is a medical term used to describe a type of arthritis characterized by wear and tear on the spine. This usually happens when joints and discs degenerate. In effect, movement in the spine may be impaired, affecting movement, nerves, and other functions.
Spondylosis can usually be grouped into three parts:
- Thoracic spondylosis, affecting the middle of the spine
- Lumbar spondylosis, affecting the lower back
- Multilevel spondylosis, affecting more than one part of the spine.
People who are most prone to suffering from spondylosis are overweight individuals trying to lose weight, who previously had a sedentary lifestyle, but are now starting to exert so much force and effort by performing sudden, strenuous exercises. Remember that if this is your first time exercising or playing a sport after a very long time, it’s very important to take things slow and easy.
Many of the sports injuries listed above may actually happen beyond the athlete’s control. Fortunately, there are many things athletes can do in order to reduce the likelihood of those injuries from happening. Eating well and exercising frequently and correctly, along with regular checks and visits with a doctor, are important.
While some of the injuries may sound simple and common, many could have long-lasting effects. It’s the risk involved in being an athlete. So, apart from being aware of the symptoms of the sports injuries listed above, it’s also very important to listen to your body and rest when you can.